Investigative Process

Whether we are investigating potential Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs), cooperating with law enforcement to shutting down large scale doping rings or curtailing the trafficking of prohibited substances, our team plays an active role in the global anti-doping program. 

We apply a multi-part investigative process to every case we examine:


Information on possible doping infractions comes to us from many sources. A parent may see something that makes them suspicious, an athlete may stand up for their own integrity, an official may be asked to do something questionable.

Regardless of the source, we begin by collecting additional information. For example, we may interview the person making the claim or seek out corroborating evidence without compromising the confidentiality of the informant.


Once we have collected information, we will conduct an analysis. An analyst will be assigned to the case along with a scientific expert if necessary. Their job is to assess the quality of the information and the source.

They will consider both internal and external data that backs up the claims. We want to determine the scope, accuracy and likelihood of the allegations. Following the analysis, the team will produce a Bulletin Report, to track the investigation going forward.


During the investigation phase, we collaborate with internal teams and external partners like National Anti-Doping Organizations, International Federations and law enforcement. We also assist partner organizations to share information. The team will conduct more interviews and analysis to further corroborate the claims.

We rely on the Guidelines - Information Gathering and Intelligence Sharing to ensure consistency and rigor.


Following our investigation, we determine whether the case requires additional follow-up or if it should be closed. A case report is drafted and after thorough review, is published. See Investigative Reports to consult reports from some of the larger investigations. Throughout the process, our priority is to keep the informant updated and ensure that their identity remains confidential. 


We are also responsible for WADA’s Confidential Source Policy (formerly Whistleblowing Program Policy and Procedure for Reporting Misconduct). This involves training athletes, coaches and others on what the Policy is about, the role and rights of both WADA and the confidential source and the protection a confidential source can expect.