Investigative Reports

Investigation Report Date Published

Operation FENNEC Investigation Report

In April 2022, the World Anti-Doping Agency Intelligence and Investigations Department (“WADA I&I”) commenced Operation Fennec, an investigation into allegations that some elite Moroccan born long-distance athletes (from the sport of athletics) of dual nationality were effectively putting themselves beyond the reach of out-of-competition testing through a combination of suspicious and inaccurate whereabouts patterns, and training in remote areas of Morocco for extended periods of time.

6 October 2023

Operation ASH Investigation Report

This report details the result of the World Anti-Doping Agency Compliance Investigation Section (“CIS”) investigation into media allegations that the International Tennis Federation (“ITF”) conducts unjustified advance notice testing (“allows players to book their own drug tests”) as part of its Athlete Biological Passport (“ABP”) program (“Allegation One”),1 and the ITF “inflates” the number of samples it collects (“Allegation Two”).

5 January 2023

Operation JASMINE Investigation Report

A joint investigation by WADA’s Compliance Investigation Section and the International Testing Agency into allegations that officials from the National Anti-Doping Organization of Pakistan directed weightlifters to refuse sample collection, and that some elite Pakistani athletes were given unjustified advance-notice of testing, in contravention of the International Standard for Testing and Investigations.

16 August 2022

Operation GHOST Investigation Report

An offshoot of Operation Arrow (that looked into the practice of urine substitution in weightlifting) investigating allegations that the National Anti-Doping Organization of Turkey had not sufficiently progressed a clear case of urine sample substitution involving a Turkish wrestler.

9 August 2022

Operation DELPHIN Investigation Report

Investigation into allegations involving the Bulgarian Swimming Federation (“BSF”)

30 May 2022

Operation HERCULES Investigation Report

Investigation into allegations that the National Anti-Doping Organisation of Ukraine (NADC) engaged practices that contravened the International Standard for Testing and Investigations (ISTI)

21 October 2021

Operation ECHO Investigation Report

Investigation into allegations that the National Anti-Doping Organisation of the United Kingdom (UKAD) allowed British Cycling to test athletes in a private, non-WADA-accredited laboratory for the purposes of screening for Prohibited Substance.

14 October 2021

Nike Oregon Investigation Report

This review deals with the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) investigation into possible Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs) and whether all avenues have been exhausted to identify and establish potential ADRVs against athletes and athlete support personnel involved in the Nike Oregon Project.

5 October 2021

IWF Investigation Report

Investigation of the International Weightlifting Federation and the sport of weightlifting including four operations: Outreach, Heir, Extra and Arrow.

Outreach centers allegations against a high-ranking member of the IWF; Heir centers allegations that select Romanian weightlifters were part of an organized doping program; Extra centers on the diverse allegations of deficient and improper practices by some national weightlifting federations; and Arrow which centers into global practice of urine substitution by athletes and the use of doppelgangers within the sport of weightlifting.

22 October 2020

McLaren Independent Investigation Report

  • Part 1 - 18 July 2016
  • Part 2 - 9 December 2016

Investigation into allegations of Russian state manipulation of the doping control process, which were made by Dr. Grigory Rodchenkov, the former director of the WADA-accredited laboratory in Moscow.

9 December 2016

Independent Commission (Pound) Report

  • Part 1 - 9 November 2015
  • Part 2 - 27 January 2016

Investigation into allegations of doping and corrupt practices in Russia and the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF).

27 January 2016