The World Anti-Doping Code

Basketball athlete holding the basketball in his hands, ready to pass it on.

The World Anti-Doping Code (Code) is the core document that harmonizes anti-doping policies, rules and regulations within sport organizations and among public authorities around the world. It works in conjunction with eight International Standards which aim to foster consistency among anti-doping organizations in various areas.

The 2021 World Anti-Doping Code is available for purchase on and

The International Standards are:



As it has done in the past, the Agency published a Legal Opinion on the 2021 Code by Judge Jean-Paul Costa, former President of the European Court of Human Rights. Judge Costa rendered his opinion on the 2021 Code in his capacity as consultant to WADA. His opinion refers to the compatibility of proposed new measures in the Code with international standards relating to human rights and his comments were incorporated within the proposed draft. 

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