Markers of erythropoiesis stimulating agents use and hypoxia
Description du projet
This project is aimed at identifying markers of rHuEPO misuse and separate these from markers of natural hypoxic exposure by metabolomics. Male (n=20) and female (n=20) non-competing athletes are exposed to 4 weeks sea-level investigation and after a full washout period, participants are exposed to hypobaric hypoxia at 2.320 m for four weeks. Four groups are formed in a blinded randomized and gender balanced fashion: One group (n=20) receives EPO during the sea-level period and placebo during the stay
at altitude. Another group (n=8) receives EPO both at sea-level and altitude. A third group (n=8) receives placebo both at sea-level and altitude and the fourth group (n=4) receives placebo at sea-level and EPO at altitude. The design facilitates identification of markers of EPO misuse at sea-level (n=28) as well as markers of natural altitude exposure (n=28). Each participant’s treatment response is analyzed in relation to a 4 week baseline period. Moreover, the design includes an intra-individual possibility to verify identified targets expected to be unique to rHuEPO misuse, since 8 participants are treated with rHuEPO both at sea-level and altitude. Runners are enrolled due to the good possibility of recruitment and conduction of training at altitude. The project results in a highly valuable biobank for identification of markers sensitive to initiation and termination of rHuEPO injections. Metabolomics discovery is carried out in collaboration with a world-leading research group as well as the experts at University of Cologne, Germany. Importantly, the project is a joint effort between world-leading University research, Anti-doping organizations and WADA laboratories.