One of the most significant achievements in the fight against doping in sport to date has been the drafting, acceptance and implementation of a harmonized set of anti-doping rules, the World Anti-Doping Code (Code).The World Anti-Doping Code (Code) works in conjunction with six International Standards aimed at bringing harmonization among anti-doping organizations in various technical areas, namely:
- Prohibited List
- Testing and investigations
- Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs)
- Protection of Privacy and Personal Information
- Code Compliance by Signatories
The Prohibited List identifies the substances and methods prohibited in- and out-of-competition, and in particular sports. The substances and methods on the List are classified by different categories (e.g., steroids, stimulants, gene doping).
The purpose of the International Standard for Testing and Investigations (ISTI) is to plan for effective testing and to maintain the integrity and identity of samples, from notifying the athlete to transporting samples for analysis.
The ISTI went into force on January 1, 2016.
Testimonials on Whereabouts
A number of sports and anti-doping organizations, as well as athletes, have publicly supported the current whereabouts system. Their statements and testimonials on whereabouts are available for download.
The purpose of the International Standard for Laboratories (ISL) is to ensure production of valid test results and evidentiary data and to achieve uniform and harmonized results and reporting from all accredited laboratories.
In addition, the ISL and its related Technical Documents specify the criteria that must be fulfilled by anti-doping laboratories to achieve and maintain WADA accreditation.
The purpose of the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions (ISTUE) is to ensure that the process of granting TUEs is harmonized across sports and countries.
The current ISTUE went into force on January 1, 2016.
The purpose of the International Standard for the Protection of Privacy and Personal Information (ISPPPI) is to ensure that all relevant parties involved in anti-doping in sport adhere to a set of minimum privacy protections when collecting and using athlete personal information, such as information relating to whereabouts, doping controls and Therapeutic Use Exemptions.
The current ISPPI went into force on January 1, 2015.
A number of legal opinions have been published in relation to the compatibility of the International Standard for the Protection of Privacy and Personal Information with various national and European laws.
In addition, WADA has issued a number of statements and clarifications about data protection in the fight against doping in sport.
The Code makes WADA responsible for monitoring and enforcing compliance by Signatories with the Code and the International Standards. The Code also requires Signatories to report on their compliance to WADA. The purpose of the International Standard for Code Compliance by Signatories (ISCCS) is to ensure that strong, Code-compliant anti-doping rules and programs are applied and enforced consistently and effectively across all sports and all countries, so that clean athletes can have confidence that there is fair competition on a level playing field, and public confidence in the integrity of sport can be maintained. The ISCCS outlines:
- Code Signatories’ rights and responsibilities;
- the ways WADA supports Signatories in achieving, maintaining and, where applicable, regaining Code compliance; and
- a range of graded, predictable and proportionate sanctions for cases of non-compliance by Signatories; and, a process for determining non-compliance and consequences.