Model Rules, Guidelines and Protocols

Model Rules

WADA has developed Model Rules for National Olympic Committees, International Federations, Major Event Organizations and National Anti-Doping Organizations in order to assist these organizations in drafting anti-doping rules in line with the 2021 World Anti-Doping Code.

The 2021 World Anti-Doping Code revised Model Rules are now available for Signatories to implement, and will assist in bringing organizations in line with the revised Code before it takes effect on 1 January 2021.

In order to ensure full conformity with the 2021 Code, WADA strongly recommends that the Model Rules be adopted verbatim and that Signatories adopt a new set of Anti-Doping Rules based on the Model Rules, instead of amending their current Anti-Doping Rules.


Guidelines provide signatories with recommended practices for several aspects of anti-doping programming. These model guidelines are not mandatory, but offer technical guidance to ADOs in the implementation of programs. As with all guidelines under the World Anti-Doping Program, these documents are subject to ongoing review and reassessment.

WADA encourages feedback on the content of the Guidelines, and recommends that stakeholders always consult this Web site for the latest version.


According to Article 5.6.1 of the 2021 Code, an International- or National-Level-athlete included in a Registered Testing Pool who has retired and wishes to return to competition may seek an exemption to the 6-month written notice rule where the strict application of the rule would be unfair to the athlete.

WADA has developed a protocol and exemption application form that athletes must use to make such requests, and a decision template that ADOs must use to provide their decision. Pursuant to Article 5.6.1 of the Code, WADA shall make a final decision on all exemption applications.