Governments have many responsibilities in the fight against doping in sport. They also have powers that sport organizations do not have.
- They facilitate doping controls and support national testing programs;
- Encourage the establishment of "best practice" in the labelling, marketing, and distribution of products that might contain prohibited substances;
- Withhold financial support from those who engage in or support doping;
- Take measures against manufacturing and trafficking;
- Encourage the establishment of codes of conduct for professions relating to sport and anti-doping;
- Fund anti-doping education and research.
Many governments cannot be legally bound by a non-governmental document such as the World Anti-Doping Code (Code). Accordingly, governments prepared the Copenhagen Declaration on Anti-Doping in Sport, a political document through which they signaled their intention to formally recognize and implement the Code through an international treaty.
Pursuant to the Code, governments subsequently drafted an international convention under the auspices of UNESCO, the United Nations body responsible for education, science, and culture, to allow formal acceptance of WADA and the Code – the International Convention against Doping in Sport.
The International Convention against Doping in Sport (Convention) is the first global treaty against doping in sport. It was adopted unanimously by the 33rd UNESCO General Conference on October 19, 2005, and went into force on 1 February 2007, following the 30th ratification. UNESCO Member States are now ratifying it individually according to their respective constitutional jurisdictions.
The Convention is available in six languages: English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Russian, and Chinese.
The Convention was unanimously adopted by delegates at the 33rd UNESCO General Conference in Paris on 19 October 2005, and is open for ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession by governments.
The first Report was presented by WADA to the IOC Session on 8 February 2006, in Turin immediately prior to the Olympic Games.
Subsequent Reports have been presented to WADA's Executive Committee and Foundation Board on:
- 13-14 May 2006
- 12-13 May 2007
- 16-17 November 2007
- 10-11 May 2008
- 22-23 November 2008
- 9-10 May 2009
- 1-2 December 2009
- 8-9 May 2010
- 20-21 November 2010
- 14-15 May 2011
- 19-20 November 2011
Please consult the list of UNESCO Member States that have completed the process of ratification and of those that have yet to complete the process.
The UNESCO Fund for the Elimination of Doping in Sport (Voluntary Fund) was established by governments to assist states parties undertake their responsibilities under the International Convention against Doping in Sport (Convention).
Applications can be submitted for projects focusing on anti-doping education, mentoring and capacity building, as well as for policy advice with regards to complying with the Convention. Applications for national projects can request up to US$20,000 of funding, while regional projects can request up to US$50,000.
Any country that has ratified the Convention can submit an application to the Voluntary Fund.
Please consult our Questions and Answers on the UNESCO Voluntary Fund for more information.
The Copenhagen Declaration on Anti-Doping in Sport (Copenhagen Declaration) was drafted and agreed to by governments at the Second World Conference on Doping in Sport held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in March 2003.
The Copenhagen Declaration was the political document through which governments signalled their intention to formally recognize and implement the World Anti-Doping Code. This initiative was the first step taken by governments towards the preparation of the UNESCO International Convention against Doping in Sport.