- Formoterol added as an exception to beta-2 agonists
One of the most significant changes to the 2012 List is the removal of formoterol from ‘Section 3 Beta-2 Agonists’ of the List when taken by inhalation at therapeutic dosages.
Taking into account recent research results and concerns expressed by members of the sports community, inhaled formoterol at therapeutic doses is no longer prohibited.
The List prohibits the administration of all beta-2 agonists except salbutamol (maximum 1600 micrograms over 24 hours), salmeterol when taken by inhalation, and now formoterol (maximum 36 micrograms taken over 24 hours).
The issue of beta-2 agonists will continue to be a focus of WADA’s research activity in order to ensure that the administration of large doses or by systemic routes of these substances is prevented and prohibited, but that the appropriate care and treatment of asthmatic athletes is facilitated.
- Nicotine placed on monitoring program
In order to detect potential patterns of abuse, nicotine has been placed on WADA’s 2012 Monitoring Program.
It is NOT WADA’s intention to target smokers, rather to monitor the effects nicotine can have on performance when taken in oral tobacco products such as snus.
Nicotine is one of several stimulants added to the Monitoring Program, along with the narcotics hydrocodone and tramadol. Out-of-competition use of glucocorticosteroids has also been included.
Under Article 4.5 of the World Anti-Doping Code, WADA is mandated to establish a monitoring program regarding substances that are not on the List, but which the Agency wishes to monitor in order to detect patterns of misuse.
- Alcohol and beta-blockers
At the request of the Federation Internationale des Quilleurs (FIQ), alcohol is no longer included on the List as a prohibited in-competition substance for ninepin and tenpin bowling.
After a review by WADA and following discussions with stakeholders, bobsleigh and skeleton, curling, modern pentathlon, motorcycling, sailing and wrestling have also been removed from the list of sports included in the List in which beta-blockers are prohibited.
- Non-approved substances
The section for non-approve substances – S0 – has been moved under the section for Prohibited Substances so that it clarified that methods are not included.
Furthermore, in order to broaden the scope of this section a word change has been made, with “i.e.” being replaced by “e.g.”, while more substances have been added to clarify the scope of this section.
Substances will be included in S0 only after all other categories have been considered inadequate. Substances included in S0 are considered specified.